847 - を踏まえて(をふまえて)

JLPT N1: を踏まえて(をふまえて // based on; considering

You may already know the verb 踏む (ふむ), which means "to step on."

For example, we saw this sentence back in a lesson on ~てしまう

あ~あ。また犬のうんこ踏んじまったよ。
あ~あ。 また いぬ の うんこ ふんじまった よ。
Oh, man. I stepped in dog poop again.
Literally: “[sound of annoyance or disappointment]. + again + dog + の + poop + (unfortunately) stepped on + よ.”


Slightly different than 踏む (ふむ) is the verb 踏まえる (ふまえる), which means something along the lines of "to base (something) on."

Specifically, the pattern を踏まえて (をふまえて) is common when pointing out the basis for a certain action, thought, etc.

An example:

今までの経験を踏まえて部下にアドバイスをした。
いままで の けいけん をふまえて ぶか に アドバイス を した。
I gave my subordinates [employees / team members] advice based on my experiences up until now.
Literally: “until now / so far + の + experience + を + base on (and) + subordinate (person) + に + advice + を + did.”

 

を踏まえて sounds pretty stiff, so I wouldn't recommend using it in casual speech.

You're more likely to hear it in formal Japanese.

Here's another example:

以上のことを踏まえて、慎重に救出活動を進めてください。
いじょう の こと をふまえて、 しんちょう に きゅうしゅつ かつどう を すすめて ください。
Keeping in mind everything just mentioned, please proceed carefully with the rescue efforts.
Literally: “above + の + thing + を + base on (and), + carefully / with caution + rescue + activities + を + proceed (and) + please.”

 

Perhaps you've figured this out already — or perhaps it's obvious because of the particular を — but を踏まえて comes directly after a NOUN:

前回の反省点を踏まえて、新しい勉強法を取り入れようと思う。
ぜんかい の はんせいてん を ふまえて、 あたらしい べんきょうほう を とりいれよう と おもう。
Considering what happened last time, I think I’ll adopt a new study method.
Literally: “last time + の + regret / feeling sorry + -points + を + base on (and), + new + study method + を + let’s adopt / let’s introduce + と + think.”

 

Pretty straightforward, yeah?

One last example:

水は無限ではないという事実を踏まえて、次の質問に答えてください。
みず は むげん ではない という じじつ をふまえて、 つぎ の しつもん に こたえて ください。
Please answer the following question(s) while considering the fact that water is not a limitless resource.
Literally: “water + は + limitless + isn’t (=ではない) + という + fact + を + base on (and), + next + の + question + に + answer (and) + please.”

 

And that's it. You're done!

I salute you, fellow student.