778 - んがため（に）
JLPT N1: んがため（に）《in order to》
We have already seen ため used in a number of N4 lessons:
Much like we saw in NDL #393, んがため is also used to say something like "in order to."
The difference here is that んがため is a stiff-sounding, formal written form. You wouldn't typically use it in everyday speech.
In a sentence with んがため, the person in question has some objective or goal that they are trying to achieve, and an action is being done in order to achieve it.
Here's our first example:
じゅうい に なる という ゆめ を かなえんがため、 ひっし で べんきょう した。
In order to fulfill my dream of becoming a veterinarian, I studied intensively.
Literally: “veterinarian + に + become + という + dream + を + in order to fulfill, + intensive / frantic + で + studying + did.”
Let's see how to form sentences with んがため...
👷 Construction 👷
First, you take the plain present negative form of a verb, then you remove ないand add んがため：
ない ＋ んがため（に）
As indicated above, it is also possible to include に after んがため. We've seen this happening for other uses of ため, as well. The meaning doesn't really change when doing this.
かのじょ は さんにん の こども に なるべく よい きょういく を うけさせんがために、 がむしゃら に はたらいている。
She is working a great deal in order to provide her three children with the best education possible.
Literally: “she + は + three people + の + children + に + as much as possible + good + education + を + in order to let them receive, + frantic / intensive + に + is working.”
する has an irregular conjugation when paired with んがため.
If it were to follow the usual construction, it would be something like:
That sounds very strange, though. Instead, we say:
Here's an example:
けいさつ は ぼうりょくだん を こんぜつ せんがために、 さまざまな どりょく を している。
The police are working in a variety of ways in order to eliminate gangs.
Literally: “police + は + gang / criminal organization + を + elimination / eradication + in order to do, + various + effort / endeavor / hard work + を + are doing.”
When a NOUN is coming directly after んがため (and being modified by んがため), we insert a の between the two.
インターネット じょう で は、 こうこく しゅうにゅう を えんがための うそ の きじ が めだつ。
On the internet, false articles designed to get money from advertising stand out.
Literally: “internet + in the field of / on + では, + advertising + income / revenue + を + in order to get + の + lie / falsehood + の + article + が + stand out / be conspicuous.”
Finally, it's worth noting that we do not use んがため with requests, commands, encouragement, and so on.
For example, this sounds odd:
✕ しけん に ごうかく せんがために がんばって ください。
✕ Please do your best to pass the exam.
✕ Literally: “test / examination + に + passing (a test) + in order to do + do your best / work hard (and) + please.”
It sounds odd because the phrase after んがため is urging the listener to do something: がんばってください.
Another lesson finished?!
You're a beast!