672 - ～やすい
JLPT N4: ～やすい (easy to VERB)
Nice, simple lesson today.
When you add ～やすい to the ます-stem of a VERB, it means "easy to VERB."
この カクテル は あまくて のみやすい です。
This cocktail is sweet and easy to drink.
Literally: “this + cocktail + は + sweet (and) + easy to drink / drink easily + です.”
飲む（のむ // to drink）
飲みます（のみます // drink）
飲みやすい（のみやすい // easy to drink）
Is this the same やすい that means "cheap" or "inexpensive?
No, it is not. You're unlikely to see the kanji version of this i-adjective, but technically it's
易い (やすい // easy)
...not to be confused with the common standalone i-adjective that does use kanji:
安い (やすい // cheap; inexpensive)
For example, if you're at a restaurant looking at the menu with a friend, and you notice the prices are cheap, you can say:
It’s cheap, huh?
Literally: “cheap + ね?”
Once more, here is the formation pattern:
ます ＋ やすい
easy to VERB
And here is another example:
ティーピーピー の いみ を わかりやすく おしえて ください。
Could you please explain TPP to me in a way that is easy to understand?
Literally: “TPP + の + meaning + を + easy to understand / understand easily + teach (and) + please.”
かるくて もちはこびやすい ノートパソコン が ほしい です。
I want a laptop that’s light and easy to carry around.
Literally: “light (and) + easy to carry / carry easily + laptop (=notebook PC) + が + wanted + です.”
In all of the examples so far, the VERB in "easy to VERB" has been a good thing.
But you can also use ～やすい to say that unwanted things are "easy to VERB."
Here's an example using the verb さびる, which means "to rust":
てつ の ほうちょう は さびやすい から ていれ が めんどう です。
Iron knives rust easily, so taking care of them is a pain.
Literally: “iron + の + kitchen knife + は + easy to rust / rust easily + because + maintenance / tending to + が + a pain / a hassle + です.”
I think that you'll find this grammar pattern to be 使いやすい (つかいやすい // easy to use) once you practice it a bit.
And it's useful, too!
In the next N4 lesson, we'll look at its counterpart, ～にくい.
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